This one was hard for us to grasp, so it deserves some explanation. If a Paleo pancake calls for nothing but Whole30-approved ingredients (eggs and bananas), the flapjack is still off-limits. The Whole30 wants you to change your habits and your emotional relationship with food. "Your brain doesn't know the difference between an almond flour brownie and your mom's recipe; it just knows you crave sugar. So if you keep eating those sweets during the 30 days, your habits aren't changing," Hartwig says. Don't shoot the messenger!
Greg Glassman has gone on record saying he wants the Games to reflect the international impact CrossFit is having. The current format doesn’t allow for that. If you remember the 2018 Games flag ceremony, only a handful of countries were represented. Even then, American flags (Canada included) were the overwhelming majority. BORING! Everyone knows CrossFit is an international sport and our main event should be represented as such. Good Job Glassman!
The Paleo concept is new for most people and this newness can spark many questions. We like people to not only read about and educate themselves on this topic but also to “get in and do it.” Experience is perhaps the best teacher and often cuts through any confusion surrounding this way of eating. Now, all that considered, there are still some common counter arguments to the Paleo diet that happen with sufficient frequency that a whole paper was written on it. Enjoy: Evolutionary Health Promotion. A consideration of common counter-arguments.
Don’t even consider the possibility of a “slip.” Unless you physically tripped and your face landed in a pizza, there is no “slip.” You make a choice to eat something unhealthy. It is always a choice, so do not phrase it as if you had an accident. Commit to the program 100% for the full 30 days. Don’t give yourself an excuse to fail before you’ve even begun.
There is little argument over the health benefits of fruits and vegetables. They are chock-full of vitamins, minerals, fiber and antioxidants. The only caveat for paleo dieters is that some vegetables are starchy (e.g., potatoes) and some fruits are higher in sugar (e.g., bananas). So, if you are trying to lose weight or watch your blood sugar levels, eat these in moderation. In fact, potatoes are banned from some strict versions of the diet.
The China Study is frequently cited when criticizing the Paleo Diet – focusing on a vegetarian diet and consuming rice is healthier than the Paleo Diet. I respectfully disagree with the conclusions drawn from that book but that’s awesome if you want to go plant-based! [7], and will leave you to make your own conclusions based on your own self-experimentation.
Outside of court, Glassman launched World War III against his wife and Anthos Capital. Glassman focused on one point: Anthos would kill CrossFit's spirit, transforming it into a franchise as regimented and conservative as McDonald's. Berger wrote a rallying cry that was originally posted on an internal CrossFit Facebook page and then went wider: "If Anthos gets ownership and forces Greg out, the affiliates can tell Anthos to go f-- off and all de-affiliate in mass....If every single one of you can get 5 people to care about this enough to write Anthos a 'f-- you' email, they will get the picture very quickly."Employees called affiliates around the clock to ask if they had questions and educate them about Anthos's true intentions as CrossFit saw them. When Anthos partner Bryan Kelly offered to field affiliate questions on Lauren's Facebook page, the Russes assaulted him with pointed questions.
Thank you so much for your wonderful testimonial! I’m so glad to hear you guys are having such great results. I never really drink anything other than water and kombucha (not even milk, soda, or alcohol) even when I’m not on a Whole30, so that’s all I ever drank. If you are missing milk, you could try making your own almond milk (since the store-bought stuff is hard to find without sugar or carageenan). Other than that, I think it’s probably best to stick with water (maybe even infused with citrus, cucumbers, or fruits).

For totally dippable and kid-friendly chicken, give this Whole30 recipe a try. Chicken gets breaded in an easy mix of unsweetened coconut flakes, coconut flour, and almond meal, then bakes for a totally crunchy main dish. To stay more Bulletproof, use pastured chicken, swap almond milk for full-fat canned coconut milk, and trade the pepper for your favorite fresh herbs.
To get an idea of what that means, we turned to the experts, including Loren Cordain, PhD, a professor emeritus at Colorado State University in Fort Collins, Colorado, and the author of The Paleo Diet; Erin Holley, RD, of Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center in Columbus, Ohio; and Lona Sandon, PhD, RD, an assistant professor of clinical nutrition at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas.
The rationale for the Paleolithic diet derives from proponents' claims relating to evolutionary medicine.[22]:594 Advocates of the diet state that humans were genetically adapted to eating specifically those foods that were readily available to them in their local environments. These foods therefore shaped the nutritional needs of Paleolithic humans. They argue that the physiology and metabolism of modern humans have changed little since the Paleolithic era.[22]:594–95 Natural selection is a long process, and the cultural and lifestyle changes introduced by western culture have occurred quickly. The argument is that modern humans have therefore not been able to adapt to the new circumstances.[23] The agricultural revolution brought the addition of grains and dairy to the diet.[24]
A great question to ask is “Does the Paleo diet work?” Here we have a head to head comparison between the Paleo diet and Mediterranean diet in insulin resistant Type 2 Diabetics. The results? The Paleo diet group REVERSED the signs and symptoms of insulin resistant, Type 2 diabetes. The Mediterranean diet showed little if any improvements. It is worth noting that the Mediterranean diet is generally held up by our government as “the diet to emulate” despite better alternatives. You can find an abstract and the complete paper here.
The Paleo diet has been associated with many health benefits from better blood sugar levels to reduced inflammation. Considered one of the best diet plans for weight loss because it’s high in protein and fat and emphasizes nutrient-rich foods, it may also increase satiety and help correct nutrient deficiencies. Still, the diet has remained the subject of much controversy in recent years.
Anything that comes in a box, jar, or bag should be avoided on the paleo diet—as should anything that just wasn't consumed back then. That means no grains, dairy, added salt, or legumes (including peanuts, beans, lentils, and soybeans), according to Robb Wolf, a former research biochemist, paleo expert, and author of The Paleo Solution. While potatoes are generally outlawed on the diet, Wolff says they are okay to eat sparingly as long as you earn them through exercise (more on that next). Alcohol and honey are also generally considered paleo no-nos, but red wine tends to be the closest option there is to a paleo drink, and honey is far preferred to table sugar or artificial sweeteners.
Chris Masterjohn has Cholesterol: Your Life Depends on It!, another web site pointing out that the war on cholesterol and the push to put people on statins is misguided. The site argues it is actually polyunsaturated fats, not saturated fats or cholesterol, that contribute to heart disease, cancer, liver damage, and aging. He also has a popular blog.

Glassman is proud of his role in all this, but the system puts him and CrossFit at a very real risk. As the world of CrossFit grows, as more businesses enter and profit, and his share of it becomes smaller, CrossFit's greatest success--gaining mainstream acceptance as exercise and a sport--could turn it generic, like baseball or skiing. "One of our greatest fears is becoming escalator," says Dale Saran, CrossFit's general counsel, referring to what was once a trademarked name brand of Otis Elevator. So, although Glassman keeps the CrossFit business model radically loose and open, he protects the brand name with an iron fist.

Another downside: If you have had chronic health issues (especially gut related), you may find that reintroduction actually teaches you that you're sensitive to most foods. It turns out peanut butter, gluten, and most dairy are now off limits. That rots!! But I'll live. I feel so, so much better without them, as I learned. And wouldn't you rather know why you feel crappy all the time?
When it comes to humans, we’re all just victims of our own biochemistry. Our brains are controlled and ruled by chemicals - from what we eat; to how and when we sleep; even to who we choose as a life partner. Biochemistry - or ‘biological chemistry’ - is concerned with all of the biochemical reactions which take place within our bodies and brains. This means that the simple act of eating a meal is actually composed of thousands of tiny...
In 2007, the first annual CrossFit Games were contested in Aromas, California, on a small ranch owned by the family of Games director Dave Castro.[6] For the initial Games in 2007 and 2008, participation was open to anyone who made it to Aromas. The Games would also award an Affiliate Cup to the group from one CrossFit gym that had the best combined individual standings. In 2009, competitors had to qualify after over a hundred athletes had shown up in 2008. The athletes earned an invitation through either placing high enough in the previous year or through placing in the top worldwide in a set of qualifying events called Regionals hosted at a few CrossFit gyms. The CrossFit Games also added a separate set of team-based events for the Affiliate Cup, marking the first use of a designated Team Division, with teams of four (two men and two women).[7]
But then again, when have you found a program that is ENTIRELY ONLINE AND MOSTLY FREE that changes your life? When you are in line at the checkout with your meat and chicken thighs and raw almonds, remember the money you are going to save by NOT joining another weight-loss program or hiring a life coach or drinking booze or going to the doctor for that blood pressure you really ought to monitor which is quite possibly linked to your diet. Dallas and Melissa, the authors, say that a craving usually lasts about ten seconds. Count and breathe through the french fries someone raved about at the office. Skip out for a tiny walk while everyone is hoarding that cake at work. Eat a little roast turkey and some oven-baked potatoes. Read more books with the newfound energies. If I--a bon vivant of the kitchen, believe me, hoarder of butter, lover of booze, cream, sugar--can give these things up for thirty days, anyone can.
In the Rulebook CrossFit, Inc. writes,“Should the winner of a Sanctionals competition qualify for or receive an invitation to the Games by another means, the second-place athlete/ team from that Sanctionals competition will receive the invitation to compete at the Games. This backfill process will continue if the second-place athlete/team has already qualified, received an invitation, and so on.”
Next, check out my gal Holly’s post about the process of reintroducing foods after completing a Whole30. As she reminds us, it’s important not to just go crazy on Day 31. Instead, “[e]xperiment with foods you miss, but do it in a way that will actually help you gather more information.” The Whole30 website also has a great post on what to do when your Whole30 is finished here.

He was in Seattle on business. The calendar that morning said Thursday, but Glassman's gut said the mall, and the day had meandered from there. He had bought himself and his pilot new blaze-orange parkas at Mountain Hardwear, and taken his girlfriend to Tiffany's to buy her a diamond pendant for her birthday. At first, the Tiffany's staff had eyed him suspiciously: With his faded jeans, his parka, and the backward red baseball cap over his scraggly wisps of gray hair, the 56-year-old looked as if he had wandered in from a tailgate party somewhere or might whip out a hammer for a smash-and-grab. But then, it turned out the saleswoman was one of them. Her sinewy body should have been a giveaway. "Greg Glassman!" she said, looking at his credit card. "My husband was with you last night!"
Good Calories, Bad Calories: Fats, Carbs, and the Controversial Science of Diet and Health by Gary Taubes expounds on his 2002 article in the NY Times (What if It's All Been a Big Fat Lie?) and then in Science Magazine (see below). He shows how public health data has been misinterpreted to mark dietary fat and cholesterol as the primary causes of coronary heart disease. Deeper examination, he says, shows that heart disease and other diseases of civilization appear to result from increased consumption of refined carbohydrates: sugar, white flour and white rice. Or in other words, without using the word Paleolithic, he justifies the paleo diet. Here is an excellent chapter by chapter summary of the book [archive.org].
Oh sleep, it's one of my favorite things in the world, yet it has always been a real challenge for me. I have been on and off of sleep medication for seven years. For me, the hardest part is actually falling asleep. Well on Whole30 I fell asleep naturally. The first few days, I would be so exhausted by bedtime that I would fall asleep as soon as my head hit the pillow, and that continued the whole month. This was probably the most drastic and exciting change that I experienced on Whole30.
Note: If you don’t have a grill, you can bake the chicken in the oven. Turn the oven to Broil (or 500°F), and place the raw chicken in a baking dish. Sear the chicken in the oven for 5 minutes. Reduce the oven temperature to 350°F. Brush the chicken with the curry sauce and finish cooking in the oven for 10 to 15 minutes (depending on thickness), until the internal temperature reaches 160°F.

That being said, I wasn't surprised to see Whole30 on the naughty list last year. In case you're not familiar with the program, you cut out all processed foods, grains, legumes, soy and dairy (that includes sugar and alcohol) for 30 days. You're left with meats, seafood, fruits, vegetables, nut butters and nut milks (as long as there's no added sugar — read your labels).
^ Ramsden, C.; Faurot, K.; Carrera-Bastos, P.; Cordain, L.; De Lorgeril, M.; Sperling, L. (2009). "Dietary Fat Quality and Coronary Heart Disease Prevention: A Unified Theory Based on Evolutionary, Historical, Global, and Modern Perspectives". Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine. 11 (4): 289–301. doi:10.1007/s11936-009-0030-8. PMID 19627662.

Healthy, delicious, and simple, the Paleo Diet is the diet you were designed to eat. If you want to lose weight—up to seventy-five pounds in six months—or if you want to attain optimal health, The Paleo Diet will change your life now. Dr. Loren Cordain, the world's leading expert on Paleolithic nutrition, demonstrates how by eating all the lean meats and fish, fresh fruits, and nonstarchy vegetables you want, you can lose weight and prevent and treat heart disease, cancer, osteoporosis, metabolic syndrome, and many other illnesses. Incorporating all the latest breakthroughs in Paleo nutrition research, this new edition of the bestselling The Paleo Diet includes six weeks of meal plans to get you started on the Paleo path to weight loss, weight control, increased energy, and lifelong health.


Prior to starting, athletes should state their name, and show and state the weights and equipment to be used. All video submissions must be uncut and unedited in order to accurately display the performance. A clock or timer, with the running workout time clearly visible should be in the frame throughout the entire workout. Shoot the video from an angle so ALL exercises can be clearly seen meeting the movement standards. Videos shot with a fisheye lens or similar lens may be rejected due to the visual distortion these lenses cause. If an athlete needs someone to adjust their camera during the WOD to capture all movements, this is acceptable, as long as the flow of the workout and the athlete is in view the whole time.

Trying to introduce dairy back into my diet hurt my stomach and would send me into a sneezing fit. In this way, the Whole30 worked as a type of elimination diet for me, without which I may have never realized that dairy isn't my friend. I'll still suffer the consequences if I cross paths with a cheese plate at a work event, but I've made the permanent switch to tofu cream cheese and coconut milk — alternatives I would've never touched before Whole30 that are actually delicious.
I was very excited to get this book but am putting this in the "just ok" category. That said, I'm normally a huge Whole 30 fan and use the recipes from the Whole30: 30 Day Guide... all the time. Something that I appreciated from the 30 Day Guide was the simplicity of the recipes, most were kid friendly and included lots of one pot meals that work for busy people. That is not the case with the new recipe book.
No cheating, kids. Hartwig emphasizes the importance of sticking to this plan with zero slip-ups, so you give your body the complete break (from not-so-healthy food) it deserves. If life happens and a glass of wine or a piece of bread gets in the way, Hartwig recommends starting over. She wants you to feel the full benefits of the entire 30 days. We're not gonna lie: We've let a glass of wine slip before, we didn't start over, and still felt on top of the world at the end. (We aren't suggesting you do the same, but we're just being real with you.) For a full list of rules, visit Whole30.com.
Interest and participation in the event continued to grow, and in 2010, the qualification was adjusted to include hosting multiple Sectionals, a series of events open to all athletes in order to qualify for the one of the 17 Regionals.[8] The 17 regions had Canada and the United States divided into 12 regions, with the remaining regions roughly corresponding the five other populated continents. The attendance at the Games also outgrew the ranch in Aromas and moved the Home Depot Center (later called the StubHub Center) in Carson, California.[9] The Games also expanded the Team Division to groups of six athletes and added a Masters Division for individual men and women 55-years-old and up.
That being said, I wasn't surprised to see Whole30 on the naughty list last year. In case you're not familiar with the program, you cut out all processed foods, grains, legumes, soy and dairy (that includes sugar and alcohol) for 30 days. You're left with meats, seafood, fruits, vegetables, nut butters and nut milks (as long as there's no added sugar — read your labels).
In making the case for meat, Cordain presents anecdotal evidence of Eskimos who lived their full life without a heart attack. The Eskimo diet consists of 97% meat, which he concedes causes all Eskimos to develop atherosclerosis—a common precursor to heart disease. But Cordain says Eskimos never die of heart disease. He discusses one Eskimo who lived 45 years and another who lived 53 years, both without heart disease! He then jumps to the conclusion that because these Eskimos didn’t get heart attacks, even with severe atherosclerosis, meat must have protected them from heart disease. So Cordain’s best case for lots of meat is that you can live to the ripe age of 45 or even 53 without a heart attack. But do people—even unhealthy smokers or the obese—generally get heart attacks before age 53?
Advocates of the diet argue that the increase in diseases of affluence after the dawn of agriculture was caused by changes in diet, but others have countered that it may be that pre-agricultural hunter-gatherers did not suffer from the diseases of affluence because they did not live long enough to develop them.[29] Based on the data from hunter-gatherer populations still in existence, it is estimated that at age 15, life expectancy was an additional 39 years, for a total expected age of 54 years.[30] At age 45, it is estimated that average life expectancy was an additional 19 years, for a total expected age of 64 years.[31][32] That is to say, in such societies, most deaths occurred in childhood or young adulthood; thus, the population of elderly – and the prevalence of diseases of affluence – was much reduced. Excessive food energy intake relative to energy expended, rather than the consumption of specific foods, is more likely to underlie the diseases of affluence. "The health concerns of the industrial world, where calorie-packed foods are readily available, stem not from deviations from a specific diet but from an imbalance between the energy humans consume and the energy humans spend."[33]
The Whole30 is not a diet, a weight-loss plan or quick fix – it’s designed to “change your life,” the founders say, by eliminating cravings, rebalancing hormones, curing digestive issues, improving medical conditions and boosting energy and immune function. The theory behind it is that all sorts of physical and mental health issues – ranging from acne to depression to allergies – could be due to your diet. But you can’t know which foods are to blame for what ails you unless you cut out all traces of sugar, alcohol, grains, dairy and legumes for 30 days. By day 31, you’ll be free from your food fog and may not even miss your nightly wine ritual or morning muffin fix. If and when you reintroduce food groups, your body’s reaction will tell you which foods you should continue to avoid – or at least limit.

Advocates of the diet argue that the increase in diseases of affluence after the dawn of agriculture was caused by changes in diet, but others have countered that it may be that pre-agricultural hunter-gatherers did not suffer from the diseases of affluence because they did not live long enough to develop them.[29] Based on the data from hunter-gatherer populations still in existence, it is estimated that at age 15, life expectancy was an additional 39 years, for a total expected age of 54 years.[30] At age 45, it is estimated that average life expectancy was an additional 19 years, for a total expected age of 64 years.[31][32] That is to say, in such societies, most deaths occurred in childhood or young adulthood; thus, the population of elderly – and the prevalence of diseases of affluence – was much reduced. Excessive food energy intake relative to energy expended, rather than the consumption of specific foods, is more likely to underlie the diseases of affluence. "The health concerns of the industrial world, where calorie-packed foods are readily available, stem not from deviations from a specific diet but from an imbalance between the energy humans consume and the energy humans spend."[33]
%7B%22ajaxCall%22%3Afalse%2C%22environment%22%3A%22production%22%2C%22production%22%3Atrue%2C%22is_mobile%22%3A%22%22%2C%22date%22%3A%22290319%22%2C%22localeCountry%22%3A%22us%22%2C%22session_id%22%3A%226mnTO3wgUo4CfGphNAOePqQ42gImXavRXeE%3D%22%2C%22innerCall%22%3Afalse%2C%22page_type%22%3A%22plp%22%2C%22analytics%22%3A%7B%22tags%22%3A%5B%7B%22event%22%3A%22ready%22%2C%22type%22%3A%22pageview%22%2C%22scheme%22%3A%22plp%22%2C%22attributes%22%3A%7B%22page_type%22%3A%22PLP%22%2C%22event_category%22%3Anull%2C%22filter_outlet%22%3Anull%2C%22filter_gender%22%3Anull%2C%22filter_category%22%3Anull%2C%22filter_sport%22%3Anull%2C%22filter_brand%22%3Anull%2C%22filter_collection%22%3Anull%2C%22filters_applied*%22%3Anull%2C%22list_type%22%3A%22GRID%22%2C%22price_high%22%3Anull%2C%22price_low%22%3Anull%2C%22product_model_id*%22%3A%22%24products.model%22%2C%22filter_sale%22%3Anull%2C%22product_id*%22%3A%22%24products.id%22%2C%22product_sku*%22%3A%22%24products.sku%22%2C%22product_name*%22%3A%22%24products.name%22%2C%22sort_applied%22%3Anull%2C%22results_page%22%3Anull%2C%22total_results%22%3Anull%2C%22plp_banner%22%3Anull%2C%22plp_wallpaper%22%3Anull%2C%22plp_promo%22%3Anull%2C%22event_name%22%3Anull%2C%22current_filter%22%3Anull%2C%22current_action%22%3Anull%2C%22numerical_category%22%3Anull%2C%22product_colorways*%22%3A%22%22%2C%22cart_id%22%3Anull%2C%22dw_version%22%3A%22%24dw_version%22%2C%22geo_country%22%3A%22%24cookies.geo_country%22%2C%22environment%22%3Anull%2C%22site_name%22%3Anull%2C%22country%22%3Anull%2C%22language%22%3Anull%2C%22is_mobile%22%3Anull%2C%22page_name%22%3Anull%2C%22is_customizable%22%3Anull%2C%22breadcrumb*%22%3A%22%24breadcrumbs%22%2C%22date%22%3Anull%2C%22logged_in%22%3Anull%2C%22customer_id%22%3A%22%24cookies.customer_id%22%2C%22euci%22%3A%22%24cookies.euci%22%2C%22form_name*%22%3Anull%2C%22form_error*%22%3Anull%2C%22form_field_value*%22%3Anull%2C%22dw_test_id%22%3Anull%2C%22dw_segment_id%22%3Anull%2C%22certona_recs_scheme%22%3Anull%2C%22certona_recs_count%22%3Anull%2C%22certona_recs_query%22%3Anull%2C%22session_id%22%3Anull%7D%7D%2C%7B%22event%22%3A%22tile-event%22%2C%22type%22%3A%22link%22%2C%22scheme%22%3A%22tile-event%22%2C%22attributes%22%3A%7B%22event%22%3A%22ELEMENT%22%2C%22event_category%22%3A%22REPLACE%22%2C%22event_name%22%3A%22REPLACE%22%2C%22is_mobile%22%3Anull%2C%22new_product_id*%22%3Anull%2C%22product_color*%22%3A%22%24tile.color%22%2C%22product_colorways*%22%3A%22%24tile.colors%22%2C%22product_group*%22%3A%22inline%22%2C%22product_id*%22%3A%22%24tile.article%22%2C%22product_model_id*%22%3A%22%24tile.model_id%22%2C%22product_name*%22%3A%22%24tile.name%22%2C%22product_personalization*%22%3A%22NO%22%2C%22product_price*%22%3A%22%24tile.price%22%2C%22product_price_type*%22%3A%22%24tile.price_type%22%2C%22product_price_book*%22%3A%22%24tile.pricebook%22%2C%22product_price_vat*%22%3A%22%24tile.price_vat%22%2C%22product_quantity*%22%3A1%2C%22product_rating*%22%3A%22%24tile.rating%22%2C%22product_reviews*%22%3A%22%24tile.reviews%22%2C%22product_category*%22%3A%22%24tile.category%22%2C%22product_gender*%22%3A%22%24tile.gender%22%2C%22product_brand*%22%3A%22%24tile.brand%22%2C%22product_type*%22%3A%22%24tile.type%22%2C%22product_size*%22%3A%22%24tile.size%22%2C%22product_sizes*%22%3A%22%24tile.sizes%22%2C%22product_sku*%22%3A%22%24tile.sku%22%2C%22product_status*%22%3A%22%24tile.status%22%2C%22product_video*%22%3A%22%24tile.video%22%2C%22product_sport*%22%3A%22%24tile.sport%22%2C%22link_name%22%3Anull%2C%22link_href%22%3Anull%7D%7D%2C%7B%22event%22%3A%22plp-sortbutton%22%2C%22type%22%3A%22link%22%2C%22scheme%22%3A%22plp-sortbutton%22%2C%22attributes%22%3A%7B%22event_category%22%3A%22%24page_type%22%2C%22event_name%22%3A%22%7B0%7D%22%2C%22event%22%3A%22LINK%22%2C%22link_name%22%3Anull%2C%22link_href%22%3Anull%7D%7D%2C%7B%22event%22%3A%22plp-filterbutton%22%2C%22type%22%3A%22link%22%2C%22scheme%22%3A%22plp-filterbutton%22%2C%22attributes%22%3A%7B%22event_category%22%3A%22%24page_type%22%2C%22event_name%22%3A%22%7B0%7D%22%2C%22event%22%3A%22LINK%22%2C%22link_name%22%3Anull%2C%22link_href%22%3Anull%7D%7D%2C%7B%22event%22%3A%22plp-sortbutton%22%2C%22type%22%3A%22link%22%2C%22scheme%22%3A%22plp-sortbutton%22%2C%22attributes%22%3A%7B%22event_category%22%3A%22%24page_type%22%2C%22event_name%22%3A%22%7B0%7D%22%2C%22event%22%3A%22LINK%22%2C%22link_name%22%3Anull%2C%22link_href%22%3Anull%7D%7D%2C%7B%22event%22%3A%22plp-filterbutton%22%2C%22type%22%3A%22link%22%2C%22scheme%22%3A%22plp-filterbutton%22%2C%22attributes%22%3A%7B%22event_category%22%3A%22%24page_type%22%2C%22event_name%22%3A%22%7B0%7D%22%2C%22event%22%3A%22LINK%22%2C%22link_name%22%3Anull%2C%22link_href%22%3Anull%7D%7D%2C%7B%22event%22%3A%22product-quickview%22%2C%22type%22%3A%22link%22%2C%22scheme%22%3A%22product-quickview%22%2C%22attributes%22%3A%7B%22event_category%22%3A%22PDP%3A%20QUICK%20VIEW%22%2C%22link_name%22%3A%22%7B0%7D%22%2C%22link_href%22%3A%22%7B1%7D%22%2C%22event%22%3A%22LINK%22%7D%7D%2C%7B%22event%22%3A%22wishlistadd%22%2C%22type%22%3A%22element%22%2C%22scheme%22%3A%22wishlistadd%22%2C%22attributes%22%3A%7B%22event_name%22%3A%22ADD%20TO%20WISHLIST%22%2C%22event_category%22%3A%22%24page_type%22%2C%22product_id*%22%3A%22%22%2C%22product_model_id*%22%3A%22%22%2C%22product_name*%22%3A%22%22%2C%22product_price*%22%3A%22%22%2C%22product_price_vat*%22%3A%22%22%2C%22product_gender*%22%3A%22%22%2C%22product_category*%22%3A%22%22%2C%22event%22%3A%22ELEMENT%22%7D%7D%2C%7B%22event%22%3A%22wishlistremove%22%2C%22type%22%3A%22element%22%2C%22scheme%22%3A%22wishlistremove%22%2C%22attributes%22%3A%7B%22event_name%22%3A%22REMOVE%20FROM%20WISHLIST%22%2C%22event_category%22%3A%22%24page_type%22%2C%22product_id*%22%3A%22%22%2C%22product_model_id*%22%3A%22%22%2C%22product_name*%22%3A%22%22%2C%22product_price*%22%3A%22%22%2C%22product_price_vat*%22%3A%22%22%2C%22product_gender*%22%3A%22%22%2C%22product_category*%22%3A%22%22%2C%22product_quantity*%22%3A1%2C%22event%22%3A%22ELEMENT%22%7D%7D%2C%7B%22event%22%3A%22header-signup%22%2C%22type%22%3A%22element%22%2C%22scheme%22%3A%22header-signup%22%2C%22attributes%22%3A%7B%22event_category%22%3A%22EMAIL%20SIGNUP%22%2C%22customer_email%22%3A%22%24cookies.customer_email%22%2C%22customer_encrypted_email%22%3A%22%24cookies.customer_encrypted_email%22%2C%22signup_location%22%3A%22HEADER%22%2C%22signup_step%22%3A%22%7B0%7D%22%2C%22event%22%3A%22ELEMENT%22%2C%22event_name%22%3Anull%7D%7D%2C%7B%22event%22%3A%22video-action%22%2C%22type%22%3A%22element%22%2C%22scheme%22%3A%22video-action%22%2C%22attributes%22%3A%7B%22video_category%22%3Anull%2C%22video_event%22%3Anull%2C%22video_length%22%3Anull%2C%22video_name%22%3Anull%2C%22video_player%22%3Anull%2C%22video_position%22%3Anull%2C%22event%22%3A%22ELEMENT%22%2C%22event_name%22%3Anull%2C%22event_category%22%3Anull%7D%7D%2C%7B%22event%22%3A%22email-optout%22%2C%22type%22%3A%22element%22%2C%22scheme%22%3A%22email-optout%22%2C%22attributes%22%3A%7B%22event_category%22%3A%22EMAIL%20OPT-OUT%22%2C%22signup_location%22%3A%22OVERLAY%22%2C%22signup_step%22%3A%22%7B0%7D%22%2C%22event%22%3A%22ELEMENT%22%2C%22event_name%22%3Anull%7D%7D%2C%7B%22event%22%3A%22social-share%22%2C%22type%22%3A%22element%22%2C%22scheme%22%3A%22social-share%22%2C%22attributes%22%3A%7B%22event%22%3A%22ELEMENT%22%2C%22event_name%22%3Anull%2C%22event_category%22%3Anull%7D%7D%2C%7B%22event%22%3A%22form-error%22%2C%22type%22%3A%22element%22%2C%22scheme%22%3A%22form-error%22%2C%22attributes%22%3A%7B%22event_category%22%3A%22FORM%20ERRORS%22%2C%22form_name%22%3A%22%7B0%7D%22%2C%22form_error%22%3A%22%7B1%7D%22%2C%22form_field_value%22%3A%22%7B2%7D%22%2C%22event%22%3A%22ELEMENT%22%2C%22event_name%22%3Anull%7D%7D%2C%7B%22event%22%3A%22navigation-click%22%2C%22type%22%3A%22link%22%2C%22scheme%22%3A%22navigation-click%22%2C%22attributes%22%3A%7B%22event_category%22%3A%22NAVIGATION%20CLICK%22%2C%22link_name%22%3A%22%7B0%7D%22%2C%22link_href%22%3A%22%7B1%7D%22%2C%22event%22%3A%22LINK%22%7D%7D%2C%7B%22event%22%3A%22search-suggestion%22%2C%22type%22%3A%22element%22%2C%22scheme%22%3A%22search-suggestion%22%2C%22attributes%22%3A%7B%22event_name%22%3A%22SEARCH%20SUGGESTION%22%2C%22event_category%22%3A%22SEARCH%22%2C%22form_field_value%22%3Anull%2C%22event%22%3A%22ELEMENT%22%7D%7D%2C%7B%22event%22%3A%22generic%22%2C%22type%22%3A%22pageview%22%2C%22scheme%22%3A%22generic%22%2C%22attributes%22%3A%7B%22page_name%22%3Anull%2C%22page_type%22%3A%22CUSTOMER%20SERVICE%22%2C%22cart_id%22%3Anull%7D%7D%5D%2C%22tealium_library%22%3A%22https%3A%2F%2Ftags.tiqcdn.com%2Futag%2Fadidas%2Freebokglobal%2Fprod%2Futag.js%22%2C%22tealium_sync_library%22%3A%22https%3A%2F%2Ftags.tiqcdn.com%2Futag%2Fadidas%2Freebokglobal%2Fprod%2Futag.sync.js%22%7D%2C%22config%22%3A%7B%22replace%22%3A%5B%22filters_applied*%22%2C%22product_id%22%2C%22product_sku%22%2C%22product_name%22%2C%22**%22%5D%7D%2C%22site_name%22%3A%22Reebok%22%2C%22country%22%3A%22US%22%2C%22language%22%3A%22en%22%2C%22profile%22%3A%22reebokglobal%22%2C%22is_customizable%22%3A%22%22%2C%22logged_in%22%3A%22%22%2C%22numerical_category%22%3A9000000%2C%22total_results%22%3A167%2C%22results_page%22%3A1%2C%22dw_version%22%3A%222019w13_24%22%2C%22session%22%3A%7B%7D%2C%22_MAX_DEPTH_LEVEL%22%3A3%2C%22_MAX_OBJECT_PROPS%22%3A10%2C%22events%22%3A%5B%5D%7D
%7B%22ajaxCall%22%3Afalse%2C%22environment%22%3A%22production%22%2C%22production%22%3Atrue%2C%22is_mobile%22%3A%22%22%2C%22date%22%3A%22290319%22%2C%22localeCountry%22%3A%22cy%22%2C%22session_id%22%3A%22tPmjJ8d2swUpyUTcaoVkFyDWfZ10qOagcEc%3D%22%2C%22innerCall%22%3Afalse%2C%22page_type%22%3A%22plp%22%2C%22analytics%22%3A%7B%22tags%22%3A%5B%7B%22event%22%3A%22ready%22%2C%22type%22%3A%22pageview%22%2C%22scheme%22%3A%22plp%22%2C%22attributes%22%3A%7B%22page_type%22%3A%22PLP%22%2C%22event_category%22%3Anull%2C%22filter_outlet%22%3Anull%2C%22filter_gender%22%3Anull%2C%22filter_category%22%3Anull%2C%22filter_sport%22%3Anull%2C%22filter_brand%22%3Anull%2C%22filter_collection%22%3Anull%2C%22filters_applied*%22%3Anull%2C%22list_type%22%3A%22GRID%22%2C%22price_high%22%3Anull%2C%22price_low%22%3Anull%2C%22product_model_id*%22%3A%22%24products.model%22%2C%22filter_sale%22%3Anull%2C%22product_id*%22%3A%22%24products.id%22%2C%22product_sku*%22%3A%22%24products.sku%22%2C%22product_name*%22%3A%22%24products.name%22%2C%22sort_applied%22%3Anull%2C%22results_page%22%3Anull%2C%22total_results%22%3Anull%2C%22plp_banner%22%3Anull%2C%22plp_wallpaper%22%3Anull%2C%22plp_promo%22%3Anull%2C%22event_name%22%3Anull%2C%22current_filter%22%3Anull%2C%22current_action%22%3Anull%2C%22numerical_category%22%3Anull%2C%22product_colorways*%22%3A%22%22%2C%22cart_id%22%3Anull%2C%22dw_version%22%3A%22%24dw_version%22%2C%22geo_country%22%3A%22%24cookies.geo_country%22%2C%22environment%22%3Anull%2C%22site_name%22%3Anull%2C%22country%22%3Anull%2C%22language%22%3Anull%2C%22is_mobile%22%3Anull%2C%22page_name%22%3Anull%2C%22is_customizable%22%3Anull%2C%22breadcrumb*%22%3A%22%24breadcrumbs%22%2C%22date%22%3Anull%2C%22logged_in%22%3Anull%2C%22customer_id%22%3A%22%24cookies.customer_id%22%2C%22euci%22%3A%22%24cookies.euci%22%2C%22form_name*%22%3Anull%2C%22form_error*%22%3Anull%2C%22form_field_value*%22%3Anull%2C%22dw_test_id%22%3Anull%2C%22dw_segment_id%22%3Anull%2C%22certona_recs_scheme%22%3Anull%2C%22certona_recs_count%22%3Anull%2C%22certona_recs_query%22%3Anull%2C%22session_id%22%3Anull%7D%7D%2C%7B%22event%22%3A%22tile-event%22%2C%22type%22%3A%22link%22%2C%22scheme%22%3A%22tile-event%22%2C%22attributes%22%3A%7B%22event%22%3A%22ELEMENT%22%2C%22event_category%22%3A%22REPLACE%22%2C%22event_name%22%3A%22REPLACE%22%2C%22is_mobile%22%3Anull%2C%22new_product_id*%22%3Anull%2C%22product_color*%22%3A%22%24tile.color%22%2C%22product_colorways*%22%3A%22%24tile.colors%22%2C%22product_group*%22%3A%22inline%22%2C%22product_id*%22%3A%22%24tile.article%22%2C%22product_model_id*%22%3A%22%24tile.model_id%22%2C%22product_name*%22%3A%22%24tile.name%22%2C%22product_personalization*%22%3A%22NO%22%2C%22product_price*%22%3A%22%24tile.price%22%2C%22product_price_type*%22%3A%22%24tile.price_type%22%2C%22product_price_book*%22%3A%22%24tile.pricebook%22%2C%22product_price_vat*%22%3A%22%24tile.price_vat%22%2C%22product_quantity*%22%3A1%2C%22product_rating*%22%3A%22%24tile.rating%22%2C%22product_reviews*%22%3A%22%24tile.reviews%22%2C%22product_category*%22%3A%22%24tile.category%22%2C%22product_gender*%22%3A%22%24tile.gender%22%2C%22product_brand*%22%3A%22%24tile.brand%22%2C%22product_type*%22%3A%22%24tile.type%22%2C%22product_size*%22%3A%22%24tile.size%22%2C%22product_sizes*%22%3A%22%24tile.sizes%22%2C%22product_sku*%22%3A%22%24tile.sku%22%2C%22product_status*%22%3A%22%24tile.status%22%2C%22product_video*%22%3A%22%24tile.video%22%2C%22product_sport*%22%3A%22%24tile.sport%22%2C%22link_name%22%3Anull%2C%22link_href%22%3Anull%7D%7D%2C%7B%22event%22%3A%22plp-sortbutton%22%2C%22type%22%3A%22link%22%2C%22scheme%22%3A%22plp-sortbutton%22%2C%22attributes%22%3A%7B%22event_category%22%3A%22%24page_type%22%2C%22event_name%22%3A%22%7B0%7D%22%2C%22event%22%3A%22LINK%22%2C%22link_name%22%3Anull%2C%22link_href%22%3Anull%7D%7D%2C%7B%22event%22%3A%22plp-filterbutton%22%2C%22type%22%3A%22link%22%2C%22scheme%22%3A%22plp-filterbutton%22%2C%22attributes%22%3A%7B%22event_category%22%3A%22%24page_type%22%2C%22event_name%22%3A%22%7B0%7D%22%2C%22event%22%3A%22LINK%22%2C%22link_name%22%3Anull%2C%22link_href%22%3Anull%7D%7D%2C%7B%22event%22%3A%22plp-sortbutton%22%2C%22type%22%3A%22link%22%2C%22scheme%22%3A%22plp-sortbutton%22%2C%22attributes%22%3A%7B%22event_category%22%3A%22%24page_type%22%2C%22event_name%22%3A%22%7B0%7D%22%2C%22event%22%3A%22LINK%22%2C%22link_name%22%3Anull%2C%22link_href%22%3Anull%7D%7D%2C%7B%22event%22%3A%22plp-filterbutton%22%2C%22type%22%3A%22link%22%2C%22scheme%22%3A%22plp-filterbutton%22%2C%22attributes%22%3A%7B%22event_category%22%3A%22%24page_type%22%2C%22event_name%22%3A%22%7B0%7D%22%2C%22event%22%3A%22LINK%22%2C%22link_name%22%3Anull%2C%22link_href%22%3Anull%7D%7D%2C%7B%22event%22%3A%22product-quickview%22%2C%22type%22%3A%22link%22%2C%22scheme%22%3A%22product-quickview%22%2C%22attributes%22%3A%7B%22event_category%22%3A%22PDP%3A%20QUICK%20VIEW%22%2C%22link_name%22%3A%22%7B0%7D%22%2C%22link_href%22%3A%22%7B1%7D%22%2C%22event%22%3A%22LINK%22%7D%7D%2C%7B%22event%22%3A%22wishlistadd%22%2C%22type%22%3A%22element%22%2C%22scheme%22%3A%22wishlistadd%22%2C%22attributes%22%3A%7B%22event_name%22%3A%22ADD%20TO%20WISHLIST%22%2C%22event_category%22%3A%22%24page_type%22%2C%22product_id*%22%3A%22%22%2C%22product_model_id*%22%3A%22%22%2C%22product_name*%22%3A%22%22%2C%22product_price*%22%3A%22%22%2C%22product_price_vat*%22%3A%22%22%2C%22product_gender*%22%3A%22%22%2C%22product_category*%22%3A%22%22%2C%22event%22%3A%22ELEMENT%22%7D%7D%2C%7B%22event%22%3A%22wishlistremove%22%2C%22type%22%3A%22element%22%2C%22scheme%22%3A%22wishlistremove%22%2C%22attributes%22%3A%7B%22event_name%22%3A%22REMOVE%20FROM%20WISHLIST%22%2C%22event_category%22%3A%22%24page_type%22%2C%22product_id*%22%3A%22%22%2C%22product_model_id*%22%3A%22%22%2C%22product_name*%22%3A%22%22%2C%22product_price*%22%3A%22%22%2C%22product_price_vat*%22%3A%22%22%2C%22product_gender*%22%3A%22%22%2C%22product_category*%22%3A%22%22%2C%22product_quantity*%22%3A1%2C%22event%22%3A%22ELEMENT%22%7D%7D%2C%7B%22event%22%3A%22header-signup%22%2C%22type%22%3A%22element%22%2C%22scheme%22%3A%22header-signup%22%2C%22attributes%22%3A%7B%22event_category%22%3A%22EMAIL%20SIGNUP%22%2C%22customer_email%22%3A%22%24cookies.customer_email%22%2C%22customer_encrypted_email%22%3A%22%24cookies.customer_encrypted_email%22%2C%22signup_location%22%3A%22HEADER%22%2C%22signup_step%22%3A%22%7B0%7D%22%2C%22event%22%3A%22ELEMENT%22%2C%22event_name%22%3Anull%7D%7D%2C%7B%22event%22%3A%22video-action%22%2C%22type%22%3A%22element%22%2C%22scheme%22%3A%22video-action%22%2C%22attributes%22%3A%7B%22video_category%22%3Anull%2C%22video_event%22%3Anull%2C%22video_length%22%3Anull%2C%22video_name%22%3Anull%2C%22video_player%22%3Anull%2C%22video_position%22%3Anull%2C%22event%22%3A%22ELEMENT%22%2C%22event_name%22%3Anull%2C%22event_category%22%3Anull%7D%7D%2C%7B%22event%22%3A%22email-optout%22%2C%22type%22%3A%22element%22%2C%22scheme%22%3A%22email-optout%22%2C%22attributes%22%3A%7B%22event_category%22%3A%22EMAIL%20OPT-OUT%22%2C%22signup_location%22%3A%22OVERLAY%22%2C%22signup_step%22%3A%22%7B0%7D%22%2C%22event%22%3A%22ELEMENT%22%2C%22event_name%22%3Anull%7D%7D%2C%7B%22event%22%3A%22social-share%22%2C%22type%22%3A%22element%22%2C%22scheme%22%3A%22social-share%22%2C%22attributes%22%3A%7B%22event%22%3A%22ELEMENT%22%2C%22event_name%22%3Anull%2C%22event_category%22%3Anull%7D%7D%2C%7B%22event%22%3A%22form-error%22%2C%22type%22%3A%22element%22%2C%22scheme%22%3A%22form-error%22%2C%22attributes%22%3A%7B%22event_category%22%3A%22FORM%20ERRORS%22%2C%22form_name%22%3A%22%7B0%7D%22%2C%22form_error%22%3A%22%7B1%7D%22%2C%22form_field_value%22%3A%22%7B2%7D%22%2C%22event%22%3A%22ELEMENT%22%2C%22event_name%22%3Anull%7D%7D%2C%7B%22event%22%3A%22navigation-click%22%2C%22type%22%3A%22link%22%2C%22scheme%22%3A%22navigation-click%22%2C%22attributes%22%3A%7B%22event_category%22%3A%22NAVIGATION%20CLICK%22%2C%22link_name%22%3A%22%7B0%7D%22%2C%22link_href%22%3A%22%7B1%7D%22%2C%22event%22%3A%22LINK%22%7D%7D%2C%7B%22event%22%3A%22search-suggestion%22%2C%22type%22%3A%22element%22%2C%22scheme%22%3A%22search-suggestion%22%2C%22attributes%22%3A%7B%22event_name%22%3A%22SEARCH%20SUGGESTION%22%2C%22event_category%22%3A%22SEARCH%22%2C%22form_field_value%22%3Anull%2C%22event%22%3A%22ELEMENT%22%7D%7D%2C%7B%22event%22%3A%22generic%22%2C%22type%22%3A%22pageview%22%2C%22scheme%22%3A%22generic%22%2C%22attributes%22%3A%7B%22page_name%22%3Anull%2C%22page_type%22%3A%22CUSTOMER%20SERVICE%22%2C%22cart_id%22%3Anull%7D%7D%5D%2C%22tealium_library%22%3A%22https%3A%2F%2Ftags.tiqcdn.com%2Futag%2Fadidas%2Freebokglobal%2Fprod%2Futag.js%22%2C%22tealium_sync_library%22%3A%22https%3A%2F%2Ftags.tiqcdn.com%2Futag%2Fadidas%2Freebokglobal%2Fprod%2Futag.sync.js%22%7D%2C%22config%22%3A%7B%22replace%22%3A%5B%22filters_applied*%22%2C%22product_id%22%2C%22product_sku%22%2C%22product_name%22%2C%22**%22%5D%7D%2C%22site_name%22%3A%22Reebok%22%2C%22country%22%3A%22CF%22%2C%22language%22%3A%22en%22%2C%22profile%22%3A%22reebokglobal%22%2C%22is_customizable%22%3A%22%22%2C%22logged_in%22%3A%22%22%2C%22numerical_category%22%3A9000000%2C%22total_results%22%3A38%2C%22results_page%22%3A1%2C%22dw_version%22%3A%222019w13_24%22%2C%22session%22%3A%7B%7D%2C%22_MAX_DEPTH_LEVEL%22%3A3%2C%22_MAX_OBJECT_PROPS%22%3A10%2C%22events%22%3A%5B%5D%7D

The data for Cordain's book only came from six contemporary hunter-gatherer groups, mainly living in marginal habitats.[36] One of the studies was on the !Kung, whose diet was recorded for a single month, and one was on the Inuit.[36][37][38] Due to these limitations, the book has been criticized as painting an incomplete picture of the diets of Paleolithic humans.[36] It has been noted that the rationale for the diet does not adequately account for the fact that, due to the pressures of artificial selection, most modern domesticated plants and animals differ drastically from their Paleolithic ancestors; likewise, their nutritional profiles are very different from their ancient counterparts. For example, wild almonds produce potentially fatal levels of cyanide, but this trait has been bred out of domesticated varieties using artificial selection. Many vegetables, such as broccoli, did not exist in the Paleolithic period; broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, and kale are modern cultivars of the ancient species Brassica oleracea.[28]
Exercise is a vital part of the live-by-your-genetic-code equation. Surviving in the Stone Age meant a constant on-the-go lifestyle that probably required 4,000-plus calories a day, according to David L. Katz, MD, director of the Yale University Prevention Research Center. Even most people who hit the gym regularly won't need to eat that many calories, but the principle of using food as fuel to exercise still stands.
The paleo diet (also nicknamed the caveman diet, primal diet, Stone Age diet, and hunter-gatherer diet) is hugely popular these days, and goes by one simple question: What would a caveman eat? Here, we explain what the paleo diet involves, its pros and cons, and, ultimately, what a modern person needs to know to decide whether or not to take the paleo diet plunge.
Catching Fire: How Cooking Made Us Human by Richard Wrangham. This book argues that the ease of digestion and the added nutritional value available in cooked food was the key behind the explosion of human intelligence. (Cooking gelatinizes starch, denatures protein, and softens all foods, permitting more complete digestion and energy extraction. As a result, the food processing apparatus shrinks, freeing energy to support a larger brain.) He then suggests that cooking led to what eventually became marriage and the sexual division of labor. The two most helpful reviews at Amazon get into great detail. The reviews average to 4+ stars.
Research into the weight loss effects of the paleolithic diet has generally been of poor quality.[10] One trial of obese postmenopausal women found improvements in weight and fat loss after six months, but the benefits had ceased by 24 months; side effects among participants included "weakness, diarrhea, and headaches".[10] Any weight loss caused by the diet was merely the result of calorie restriction, rather than a special feature of the diet itself.[10]
Additionally, “while the paleo diet has plenty of protein and fiber, it is sorely lacking in calcium and vitamin D, mainly because of the omission of dairy products,” Roger Adams, Ph.D., founder of Eat Right Fitness, previously explained to Men's Health. Over time, this could weaken your bones and immune system, which makes it important to eat plenty of calcium-rich (and paleo-friendly) foods like broccoli and dark leafy greens.
This 2003 CrossFit Journal article captures an early conception of a universal, multi-event test of fitness that laid the foundation for CrossFit competition, including what would become the CrossFit Open and the CrossFit Games. The design requirements for such a test "included but were not limited to the following: quantifiable results; consistency with the CrossFit fitness concept; raising our commitment to improving absolute strength, relative strength, and gymnastic foundations; balancing intrinsic abilities of smaller and larger athletes; emphasizing exercises critical to and foundational to advanced training; mixing training demands within each test and, of course, over the total competition; a design that would identify an athlete’s weaknesses and possibly stand as a workout plan for improving overall fitness; and, finally, we wanted to design a competition that would be 'hard as hell.'"
×